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President Trump popularized the term ‘fake news’ but fabricated news articles have been around for a long time By Bruce Frassinelli firstname.lastname@example.org ‘We are living in a new political world and, for better or worse, the old rules no longer apply. That’s why we need to be vigilant about what we see, hear and read’ You probably have heard the story about the 32-year-old father of two from Salisbury, North Carolina, who in 2016 read that a pizza restaurant in Washington, D.C., was harboring young children as sex slaves as part of a child-abuse ring led by former Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton and her chief campaign aide, John Podesta. Maybe you reacted as I did: How could anyone with half a brain believe such nonsense? Looking into this further, we would have found that the articles making these claims were showing up relentlessly on the internet on sites including Twitter, Facebook and Instagram as part of thousands of fake stories during and after the contentious 2016 presidential campaign. The same thing happened in 2020 during the midst of another presidential campaign, but this time many of these social media platforms became more aggressive in blocking or taking down these